Basements are a fairly unique room within your home, as they tend to have higher levels of humidity than other rooms do, as well as suffering from colder temperatures year round. In order to finish a basement and make it hospitable for use year round, you have to install proper insulation to regulate the temperature and make it comfortable, even in the freezing cold weather of winter. Understanding the different options that are available to insulate your basement with can help you choose the one best suited for your basement's needs.

Foam Board

The main point to look for in basement insulation is water resistance. Certain types of insulation, like cellulose, will not hold up well to exposure to moisture, and can be ideal breeding grounds for mold and mildew. Foam board is made out of synthetic materials that are water resistant or repellent, like polystyrene, which can help reduce the overall amount of moisture that seeps into your basement and increase interior comfort levels, while also reducing the risk of mold and water damage. Foam board is the most common basement insulation option due to its low price tag, which makes it ideal for DIY projects, as the panels simply need to be cut and laid in place within the walls of your basement.

Spray Foam

Spray foam is another common insulation type for basements, because it is completely water resistant. Unlike the concrete that makes up most basement walls and foundations, spray foam will repel water and moisture. This greatly reduces the risk of mold developing, and can help prevent water damage and minor leaks in your basement. Spray foam is installed exactly as it name would suggest: by spraying into a closed space, where the insulation will foam up and harden into a water resistant barrier. However, spray foam insulation comes with a fairly significant price tag, as it requires professional installation and specialized equipment, which should be kept in consideration for homeowners with a tight budget.

Vapor Barriers

Vapor barriers are a budget option that can sometimes be used in basements to provide greater insulation. They are not a form of insulation themselves: instead, they are a watertight barrier that is installed on the outside of your basement wall to prevent water from seeping in. Then, other types of traditional, non-water resistant insulation, like cellulose, wool, or fiberglass, are put into place to provide temperature protection for the rest of your basement. This is not always recommended, as any damage to the vapor barrier can cause water to seep into your insulation, where it can do a great deal of damage and cause mold and mildew growth.

For more information contact a business like Winston Brown Construction.